Page | 1
Green Mountain State
State Motto: Freedom and Unity
The only land-locked state of New England and the smallest land-locked state of the entire U.S., Vermont is ranked 45th in land area and 49th in population. Nearly 3.8% of the state is covered in water with the rest covered in mostly forests. Vermont’s largest city/metropolitan area constitutes for approximately one-third of the states population. The state capital is the least-populated capital in the country. Although Vermont is the home-place of Ben & Jerry’s Ice Cream there is more to the state than sweet treats.
Nickname: The Green Mountain State
Largest City: Burlington
The Green Mountain State name’s origin is uncertain, however, it is likely that it came from the French les verts monts meaning “the green mountains”. Dr. Thomas Young, a mentor to Ethan Allen, introduced the name in 1777, the year the Vermont Republic was founded. Earlier in the year, however, delegates from towns in the territory chose the name the Republic of New Connecticut. (Vermont Republic) Before this, Vermont was the center of a dispute between the colonies of New Hampshire and New York. This dispute was over the land between the Connecticut River and Lake Champlain, referred to as “New Hampshire Grants”, in which New York was given validation of ownership in 1764 by the British crown. New York then required those granted titles to surrender them and to buy back their lands at greater prices. The Green Mountain Boys, a group (and later militia) composed of settlers and land speculators that held titles for land in the New Hampshire Grants territory, opposed of this and this led to the formation of the Vermont Republic. The Vermont Republic lasted for fourteen years – one of seventeen U.S. states (Texas, Hawaii, California Republic, and the thirteen colonies) that had sovereign governments. In 1791, Vermont joined the United States as the fourteenth state, the first outside of the original thirteen colonies and the first in the Union to have abolished slavery since it was abolished while Vermont was independent.